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Dezső, Renáta Anna: Interpretations of our Gardnerian Intelligences

Almost four decades have passed since Howard Gardner first published his theory of multiple intelligences (1983) in its original form. Since then the theory has been modified several times, so its nature is rather dynamic. Concerning its popularity in the circles of Hungarian speaking professional communities, within the fields of educational sciences, we may conclude that although the theory has been widely used in past decades, its theoretical description has not been detailed or analysed in studies, other than through short descriptions or references. The present contribution aims at introducing the eight intelligences of the theory in their current form, excluding its scientific historical roots (Dezső, 2020), or the critiques of the theory (Dezső, 2021b). In this paper the concept of intelligences are referred to in plural, due to the theorist’s initial intentions. The present analysis outlines the main sources of relevant international literature in order to widen the related professional horizon of Hungarian speaking educators concerning the Gardnerian explanation related to MI. The actuality of the study is obvious as Gardner, John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs, Professors in Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, received the 2020 Distinguished Contributions to Research in Education Award, with first class honours, from the American Educational Research Association, for his outstanding achievement and success in education research concerning his theory of multiple intelligences in October, 2020. The present study contains illustrations from public knowledge in order to make the essence of the theory comprehensible for a wide audience.

 

Keywords: Gardnerian intelligence-markers, multiple intelligences, intelligence-profile

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